Git and GitHub are related but distinct tools used in software development for version control and collaboration. Here’s a breakdown of their differences:
Git is a distributed version control system designed to track changes in source code during software development. It is a command-line tool that allows developers to create, manage, and merge branches, commit changes, and collaborate with others. Git enables developers to work offline and independently on their local repositories. It provides mechanisms for branching and merging code, resolving conflicts, and reverting changes when necessary. Git operates locally on a developer’s machine and doesn’t require a centralized server.
GitHub, on the other hand, is a web-based platform that hosts Git repositories in a centralized manner. It adds a layer of functionality and collaboration features on top of Git. Developers can create remote repositories on GitHub and push their local repositories to these remote repositories. GitHub provides a graphical user interface (GUI) for performing various Git operations like creating pull requests, managing issues, reviewing code changes, and collaborating with other developers through features such as forks and pull requests. It also offers additional tools like project boards, wikis, and actions for continuous integration and deployment.