Essential Linux Commands for Troubleshooting Performance Issues

Linux Commands to Troubleshoot Performance Issues

When troubleshooting performance issues on Linux systems, you can use a variety of commands to help diagnose and identify the root cause. Here are some commonly used commands:

  1. top: This command shows you the real-time system performance, highlighting processes and their resource usage.
$ top
  1. ps: It lists running processes on the system, allowing you to see their resource consumption.
$ ps aux
  1. htop: Similar to top, htop provides an interactive and colorful process viewer with more features.
$ htop
  1. vmstat: This command provides information about overall system performance, including memory, CPU, and I/O statistics.
$ vmstat
  1. iostat: You can use iostat to monitor and collect statistics related to input/output (I/O) devices, including disks.
$ iostat -d
  1. sar: The sysstat package provides sar, a command-line utility that collects, reports, and analyzes system activity.
$ sar -u
  1. netstat: Use this command to gather information about network connections, interfaces, and stats.
$ netstat -a
  1. iftop: It helps you monitor network bandwidth usage by displaying a real-time interactive interface.
$ iftop
  1. dmesg: This command shows kernel ring buffer messages, which can be useful for investigating hardware-related issues.
$ dmesg
  1. free: It provides information about available and used memory on the system.
$ free -m

These commands should give you a good starting point to troubleshoot performance issues on Linux.

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